迟素敏, 李承新, 刘亚莉, 朱运龙, 顾建文
我们曾发现ACh可明显地抑制垂体腺瘤细胞的增殖代谢，为深入探讨ACh抑制垂体腺瘤细胞增殖作的机制，观察了ACh作用后垂体腺瘤细胞内蛋白激酶C(PKC).[Ca~(2+)]i及cAMP/cGMP的变化。结果发现:(1)空白处理组相比，使用P KC的激动剂PMA处理培养的人垂体腺瘤细胞时可使胞浆、胞膜和细胞总P KC活性浓度升高，但ACh (10 umol/ L)作用15 min后，胞浆、胞膜和细胞总PKC活性均下降，且此作用可被阿托品阻断;(ACh (10 umol/ L)作用于单个人垂体腺瘤细胞后，立即使垂体腺瘤细胞「Ca~(2+)];相对水平降低，但此作用可被阿托阻断;(3) ACh作用于人垂体腺瘤细胞15 min后，胞内cAMP水平均明显升高，而cGMP没有改变。该结果为探ACh抑制垂体腺瘤细胞增殖的分子机制提供了重要线索，同时提示，ACh对垂体瘤细胞增殖分化的调控作用是细内多信息系统相互整合的结果。
Influence of ACh on the level of protein kinase C，intracellular free Ca~(2+)and cyclic AMP/ cyclic GMP of cultured human pituitary adenoma cells
CHI Su Min, LI Cheng Xin, LIU Ya-Li, ZHU Yun Long, GU Jian Wen
Department of Physiology, Center of Dermatology of Chinese PLA, Xijing Hospital and Department of Neurosurgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University,Xi'an 710032
We found previously that ACh can significantly inhibit the proliferation of cultured human pituitary adenoma cells .In order to make a further investigation of the mechanism of the inhibitory effect of ACh on the proliferation of pituitary adenoma cells，we observed the levels of protein kinase C(P KC)，[Cat~(+)]，and cAMP/cGMP in cultured pituitary adenoma cells after treatment with ACh.The results demonstrate that(1)compared with control，P MA，a P KC activator，increased the activity of cytoplas m，membrane and total PKC in human pituitary adenoma cells .However，after a 15- min treatment
with ACh(10 p mol/ L)，a significant reduction of the activity of cytoplasm，me mbrane and total P KC in human pituitary adenoma cells was observed，and the reduction effect could be blocked by atropine.(2)The level of[Ca~(2+)]，of single adenoma cells was found to decrease immediately on the addition of ACh
(10 pmol/L)，which could also be blocked by atropine.(3) ACh increased the amount of cAMP in the cytoplasm of human pituitary adenoma cells，but had no effect on that of cGMP.These data provide an important clue to explore the molecular mechanisms of the inhibitory effect of ACh on the proliferation of
pituitary adenoma cells，and suggest that the modulating effect of ACh on the proliferation of pituitary adenoma cells results from the interactions of several cellular signaling pathways.
迟素敏, 李承新, 刘亚莉, 朱运龙, 顾建文. ACh对人垂体腺瘤细胞内蛋白激酶C、胞内游离钙及cAMP/ cGMP的影响[J]. 生理学报 2003; 55 (2): .
CHI Su Min, LI Cheng Xin, LIU Ya-Li, ZHU Yun Long, GU Jian Wen . Influence of ACh on the level of protein kinase C，intracellular free Ca~(2+)and cyclic AMP/ cyclic GMP of cultured human pituitary adenoma cells. Acta Physiol Sin 2003; 55 (2): (in Chinese with English abstract).