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Different effects of long-term and short-term repeated restraints on the hematopoietic stem cells in mice

MA Chen-Ke, WU Xian, XU Zhe, LIU Jian, ZHANG Ji-Yan, SHI Tao-Xing*

Institute of Military Cognition and Brain Sciences, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing 100850, China

Abstract

Humans with chronic psychological stress are prone to develop multiple disorders of body function including impairment of immune system. Chronic psychological stress has been reported to have negative effects on body immune system. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been clearly demonstrated. All immune cells are derived from hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) in the bone marrow, including myeloid cells which comprise the innate immunity as a pivotal component. In this study, to explore the effects of chronic psychological stress on HSC and myeloid cells, different repeated restraint sessions were applied, including long-term mild restraint in which mice were individually subjected to a 2 h restraint session twice daily (morning and afternoon/between 9:00 and 17:00) for 4 weeks, and short-term vigorous restraint in which mice were individually subjected to a 16 h restraint session (from 17:00 to 9:00 next day) for 5 days. At the end of restraint, mice were sacrificed and the total cell numbers in the bone marrow and peripheral blood were measured by cell counting. The proportions and absolute numbers of HSC (Lin−CD117+Sca1+CD150+CD48−) and myeloid cells (CD11b+Ly6C+) were detected by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis. Proliferation of HSC was measured by BrdU incorporation assay. The results indicated that the absolute number of HSC was increased upon long-term mild restraint, but was decreased upon short-term vigorous restraint with impaired proliferation. Both long-term mild restraint and short-term vigorous restraint led to the accumulation of CD11b+Ly6C+ cells in the bone marrow as well as in the peripheral blood, as indicated by the absolute cell numbers. Taken together, long-term chronic stress led to increased ratio and absolute number of HSC in mice, while short-term stress had opposite effects, which suggests that stress-induced accumulation of CD11b+Ly6C+ myeloid cells might not result from increased number of HSC.


Key words: psychological stress; hematopoietic stem cells; myeloid cells; restraint stress model

Received: 2019-08-19  Accepted: 2020-02-13

Corresponding author: SHI Tao-Xing  E-mail: shitaoxing@sina.com

DOI: 10.13294/j.aps.2020.0013

Citing This Article:

MA Chen-Ke, WU Xian, XU Zhe, LIU Jian, ZHANG Ji-Yan, SHI Tao-Xing. Different effects of long-term and short-term repeated restraints on the hematopoietic stem cells in mice. Acta Physiol Sin 2020; 72 (2): 167-174 (in Chinese with English abstract).