ISSN 0371-0874, CN 31-1352/Q



Bleich M, Shan Qixian




关键词: K~(+); 离子通道; 结肠; 肾脏; ; 近端小管; 壁细胞

Epithelial K~(+) channels: driving force generation and K~(+) recycling for epithelial transport with physiological and clinical implications

Bleich M, Shan Qixian

Physiological Institute of Christian-Albrechts-Universitat zu Kiel, 24098 Kiel


K~(+) channels form a large family of membrane proteins that are expressed in a polarized fashion in any epithelial cell. Based on the transmembrane gradient for K~(+) that is maintained by the Na~(+)-K~(+)-ATPase, these channels serve two principal functions for transepithelial transport: generation of membrane voltage and recycling of K~(+). In this brief review, we wiU outline the importance of this ancient principle by examples of epithelial transport in the renal proximal tubule and gastric parietal ceils. In both tissues, K~(+) channel activity is rate-limiting for transport processes across the epithelial ceils and essential for cell volume regulation. Recent experimental data using pharmacological tools and genetically modified animals have confirmed the original physiological concepts and specified the knowledge down to the molecular level. The development of highly active and tissue selective small molecule therapeutics has been impeded by two typical features of K~(+) channels: their molecular architecture challenges the design of molecules with high affinity binding and they are expressed in a variety of tissues at the same time. Nevertheless, new insights into pathophysiology, e.g. that K~(+) channel inhibition can block gastric acid secretion, render the clinical use of K~(+) channel drugs in gastric disease and as kidney transport inhibitors highly attractive.

Key words: Potassium;Ion channel;Colon;kidney;stomach;proximal tubule;parietal cell

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Bleich M, Shan Qixian. 上皮细胞K~(+)通道的生理学意义与临床应用:跨上皮细胞转运的驱动力生成和K~(+)循环[J]. 生理学报 2007; 59 (4): 443-453.

Bleich M, Shan Qixian. Epithelial K~(+) channels: driving force generation and K~(+) recycling for epithelial transport with physiological and clinical implications. Acta Physiol Sin 2007; 59 (4): 443-453 (in Chinese with English abstract).