ISSN 0371-0874, CN 31-1352/Q



郝媛, 高永雄*




关键词: 嘌呤受体; 上皮细胞; 离子转运; 炎症; 信号


Purinergic P2Y receptors in airway epithelia: from ion transport to immune functions

Yuan Hao, Wing-hung Ko*

School of Biomedical Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China


The regulated transport of salt and water is essential to the integrated function of many organ systems, including the respiratory, reproductive, and digestive tracts. Airway epithelial fluid secretion is a passive process that is driven by osmotic forces, which are generated by ion transport. The main determinant of a luminally-directed osmotic gradient is the mucosal transport of chloride ions (Cl−) into the lumen. As with many epithelial cells, a number of classic signal transduction cascades are involved in the regulation of ion transport. There are two well-known intracellular signaling systems: an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and an increase in the rate of synthesis of cyclic nucleotides, such as cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Therefore, Cl− secretion is primarily activated via the opening of apical Ca2+- or cAMP-dependent Cl− channels at the apical membrane. The opening of basolateral Ca2+- or cAMP-activated K+ channels, which hyperpolarizes the cell to maintain the driving force for Cl− exit through apical Cl− channels that are constitutively open, is also important in regulating transepithelial ion transport. P2Y receptors are expressed in the apical and/or basolateral membranes of virtually all polarized epithelia to control the transport of fluid and electrolytes. Human airway epithelial cells express multiple nucleotide receptors. Extracellular nucleotides, such as UTP and ATP, are calcium-mobilizing secretagogues. They are released into the extracellular space from airway epithelial cells and act on the same cell in an autocrine fashion to stimulate transepithelial ion transport. In addition, recent data support the role of P2Y receptors in releasing inflammatory cytokines in the bronchial epithelium and other immune cells.

Key words: purinergic receptor; epithelia; ion transport; inflammation; signaling

收稿日期:  录用日期:

通讯作者:高永雄  E-mail:


郝媛, 高永雄. 气道上皮细胞P2Y嘌呤受体:从离子转运到免疫功能[J]. 生理学报 2014; 66 (1): 16-22.

Yuan Hao, Wing-hung Ko. Purinergic P2Y receptors in airway epithelia: from ion transport to immune functions. Acta Physiol Sin 2014; 66 (1): 16-22 (in Chinese with English abstract).