王庭槐1,2,*, 许晓丹1,3, 李劼昊1,2
1中山大学中山医学院生理学教研室，广州 510080；2中山大学孙逸仙纪念医院生物反馈治疗研究中心，广州 510120；3中山大学新华学院生物反馈综合实验室，广州 510520
Practical exploration on the Online Four-step Teaching of Encouraging and Sharing during COVID-19 period
WANG Ting-Huai1,2,*, XU Xiao-Dan1,3, LI Jie-Hao1,2
1Department of Physiology, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China；2Biofeedback Therapy and Research Center, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510120,China；3Biofeedback Laboratory, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510520, China
The “Four-step Teaching of Encouraging and Sharing” is a learner-centered teaching method that advocates teamwork and gives full play to the role of the teacher in guiding learning. It is an innovative teaching approach to realize students’ self-transcendence by stimulating students’ internal motivation for independent learning, applying group task-driven learning, and giving teachers’ feedback to students’ sharing. It consists of four steps: teachers’ guiding, students’ self-regulated learning, team learning and practice, experience sharing. We have applied this method to the teaching practice of physiology and experimental physiological science with a significant impact on teaching effects. This teaching method has also been implemented to other courses in other majors. To solve the problems of reduced communication and interaction, low learning enthusiasm and motivation in online teaching course during COVID-19 pandemic, we recruited 21 undergraduates from different schools and majors. Using the “Tencent Meeting” platform, the authors tried to apply the whole process of the “Four-step Teaching of Encouraging and Sharing” to the online teaching of physiology. Group tests and questionnaires were used to evaluate teaching effects. The results showed that the implementation of the “Online Four-step Teaching of Encouraging and Sharing (OFST)” was feasible and effective, and to a certain extent alleviated the problems of loneliness and low learning motivation of students during online learning caused by home quarantine, which was particularly helpful for long-distance inter-school and inter-discipline team learning.
通讯作者：王庭槐 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
王庭槐, 许晓丹, 李劼昊. 疫情防控背景下“线上激越四段式”教学法的实践与探索[J]. 生理学报 2020; 72 (6): 716-723.
WANG Ting-Huai, XU Xiao-Dan, LI Jie-Hao. Practical exploration on the Online Four-step Teaching of Encouraging and Sharing during COVID-19 period. Acta Physiol Sin 2020; 72 (6): 716-723 (in Chinese with English abstract).