ISSN 0371-0874, CN 31-1352/Q

当期文章

创伤后应激障碍大鼠心血管功能变化及相关心理生理学通路

吴琼波1,2, 魏雯雯1,2, 曾成红1,2, 郑超3, 汪萌芽2,*, 张环环1

1皖南医学院心理生理学研究室,芜湖 241002;2皖南医学院细胞电生理研究室,芜湖 241002;3皖南医学院神经生物学研究室,芜湖 241002

摘要

本研究旨在探究创伤后应激障碍(post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD)模型大鼠心血管功能以及延髓头端腹外侧(rostral ventrolateral medulla, RVLM)区和内侧缰核(medial habenular nucleus, MHb)神经元活动间的可能性联系。运用在体多通道同步记录技术结合荧光金(FluoroGold, FG)逆向示踪等技术,同步记录神经元自发放电和多项外周生理指标,并观察荧光金逆行标记神经元分布。结果显示,PTSD组大鼠RVLM、MHb神经元放电频率及收缩压和平均动脉压均显著高于正常对照组(P < 0.05)。微量注射0.5 μL 4% FG至RVLM区,MHb区神经元被逆行标记;电刺激MHb后,正常对照组大鼠RVLM神经元放电频率在100~500 μA下较刺激前明显升高(P < 0.05或P < 0.01),心率在100~300 μA下较刺激前显著加快(P < 0.05),收缩压和平均动脉压在200~300 μA下较刺激前显著上升(P < 0.05);相比之下,PTSD组大鼠仅RVLM放电频率在100~300 μA下较刺激前明显升高(P < 0.05)。以上结果提示,PTSD模型大鼠的心血管功能活动增强,该变化可能与RVLM、MHb神经元活动以及二者之间潜在的神经通路联系有关。


关键词: 创伤后应激障碍; 心血管生理学; 延髓头端腹外侧区; 内侧缰核

分类号:R338

Changes in cardiovascular function and related psychophysiological pathways in a rat model of post-traumatic stress disorder

WU Qiong-Bo1,2, WEI Wen-Wen1,2, ZENG Cheng-Hong1,2, ZHENG Chao3, WANG Meng-Ya2,*, ZHANG Huan-Huan1

1Psychophysiology Laboratory, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China;2Cell Electrophysiology Laboratory, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China;3Neurobiology Laboratory, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241002, China

Abstract

This study was aimed to investigate the cardiovascular function in rats with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the potential association with the activities of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) and the medial habenular nucleus (MHb). Multi-channel in vivo recordings were used to simultaneously acquire spontaneous neuronal firing and peripheral physiological indices, and FluoroGold (FG) retrograde tracing technique was used to observe the projections of labeled neurons in the MHb. The results showed that the discharge frequency of RVLM and MHb neurons, the systolic blood pressure (SBP), and the mean arterial pressure (MAP) in the PTSD group were all increased significantly compared with those in control group (P < 0.05). MHb neurons were retrogradely labeled by FG through microinjection (4% FG, 0.5 μL) into the RVLM. In the control group, electrical stimulation in the MHb increased heart rate (HR) at 100–300 μA (P < 0.05), elevated SBP and MAP at 200–300 μA (P < 0.05), and remarkably increased the RVLM neuronal discharge frequency at 100–500 μA (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). In the PTSD group, however, only the discharge frequency of RVLM neurons was increased by the electrical stimulation at 100–300 μA (P < 0.05). These results suggest that cardiovascular activities of the PTSD model rat are enhanced, and this change may be related to the activity changes of RVLM and MHb and the potential connection between the two nuclei.


Key words: post-traumatic stress disorder; cardiovascular physiology; rostral ventrolateral medulla; medial habenular nucleus

收稿日期:2020-11-17  录用日期:2021-02-08

通讯作者:汪萌芽  E-mail: wangmy@wnmc.edu.cn

引用本文:

吴琼波, 魏雯雯, 曾成红, 郑超, 汪萌芽, 张环环. 创伤后应激障碍大鼠心血管功能变化及相关心理生理学通路[J]. 生理学报 2021; 73 (6): 885-892.

WU Qiong-Bo, WEI Wen-Wen, ZENG Cheng-Hong, ZHENG Chao, WANG Meng-Ya, ZHANG Huan-Huan. Changes in cardiovascular function and related psychophysiological pathways in a rat model of post-traumatic stress disorder. Acta Physiol Sin 2021; 73 (6): 885-892