ISSN 0371-0874, CN 31-1352/Q

当期文章

亚慢振荡的生理与心理机制

荆秀娟1, 敖誉家2, 欧阳妤婕2, 刘洋2, 王一峰2,*

1西南财经大学天府学院,成都 610052;2四川师范大学脑与心理科学研究院,成都 610066

摘要

亚慢振荡(infra-slow oscillation, ISO)是一种介于0.01~0.5 Hz的大脑节律。亚慢振荡在大脑中广泛分布、有独特的活动模式、与高频神经活动相耦合等特征使它具有重要的生理与心理意义。从生理学角度来看,ISO可能由丘脑、胶质细胞、离子动态活动所产生。从心理学角度来看,ISO的频率、波幅和相位调节不同的认知活动。ISO研究拓展了神经节律研究的边界,促进了节律相关脑功能理论的发展和完善。

关键词: 亚慢振荡; 丘脑; 胶质细胞; 神经节律; 认知效率

分类号:B845;Q426

The physiological and psychological mechanisms of infra-slow oscillation

JING Xiu-Juan1, AO Yu-Jia2, OUYANG Yu-Jie2, LIU Yang2, WANG Yi-Feng2,*

1Tianfu College of Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 610052, China;2Institute of Brain and Psychological Sciences, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610066, China

Abstract

 Infra-slow oscillation (ISO) is a kind of brain rhythm between 0.01 and 0.5 Hz. ISO is widely distributed in multiple brain regions. As an important psychophysiological activity, the ISO interacts with high-frequency neural rhythm via cross-frequency coupling, but has different activity patterns from high-frequency neural activity. Physiologically, the ISO may be generated by the dynamic activity of thalamus, glia, and ions. Psychologically, the frequency, amplitude, and phase of ISO could all regulate cognitive activities, but in different ways. Investigations on the ISO expands the neural rhythm research to lower frequency range, further promoting the construction of rhythmic theory of brain function.


Key words: infra-slow oscillation; thalamus; glia; neural rhythm; cognitive efficiency

收稿日期:2020-10-21  录用日期:2020-12-25

通讯作者:王一峰  E-mail: wyf@sicnu.edu.cn

引用本文:

荆秀娟, 敖誉家, 欧阳妤婕, 刘洋, 王一峰. 亚慢振荡的生理与心理机制[J]. 生理学报 2021; 73 (6): 973-979.

JING Xiu-Juan, AO Yu-Jia, OUYANG Yu-Jie, LIU Yang, WANG Yi-Feng. The physiological and psychological mechanisms of infra-slow oscillation. Acta Physiol Sin 2021; 73 (6): 973-979 (in Chinese with English abstract).